Haryana GK

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

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Haryana Civil Services (HAS)

Chapter-14 Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

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SOIL AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN HARYANA

  • A large part of Haryana consist of vast alluvial plains,that are drained by many rivers like Yamuna, Ghaggar, Markanda, etc.
  • The soil in these plains vary from yellow to brown colour.
  • The state is presently facing problems of massive soil degradation that also reduces the fertility of the soil.
  • The mineral wealth of Haryana is also limited and confined to a few regions only.
  • The soils in Haryana is formed almost entirely of alluvium, and they are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus.
  • The soils found in the state are classified on the basis of their composition, colour, salinity, etc.

Classification of Soils

  • A Broadly, the soils of Haryana have been classified into five major groups, which are described below.

1. Reddish Chestnut Soil

  • This soil is found in the areas having annual rainfall of 1000 to 1500 mm, in the Shivalik region of Haryana.
  • The soils is mildly acidic to neutral in reaction.
  • Soil erosion by water is a serious problem in this soil.
  • This soil is also called Piedmont soil.
  • This soil is deficient in phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, zinc and iron. Its pH range is 6.5-7.5.
  • This soil is found in Kalka (Panchkula), Narayanpur (Ambala) and Jagadhari (Yamunanagar).
  • Maize, wheat, rice, sugarcane and seasame are major crops grown here.

2. Tropical Arid Brown Soil (Thick and Very Heavy Soil)

  • The soil is found in areas having annual rainfall of 750-1000 mm.
  • This soil does not have calcium carbonate layer within 1 m depth.
  • It is deficient in nitrogen phosphorus and zinc. Its pH range is 7-8.5.
  • The soil varies from loamy sand to clayey loam.
  • This soil is classified into two forms i.e. Bhangar and Khadar.
  • Bhangar soil is found in places that have higher elevations where as Khadar soil is found in lowland areas.
  • The thick soil is found in Yamunanagar, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Sonipat and parts of Faridabad.
  • Sugarcane, wheat and rice are grown in this soil.
  • The heavy soil is found in Thanesar (Kurukshetra), Fatehabad and Jagadhari (Yamunanagar). It is known as Babar.
  • Cotton, rice, gram and wheat are grown in this soil.
  • Waterlogging, salinity and alkalinity are quite serious problems affecting this soil.

3. Arid Brown Soil (Medium Soil)

  • This soil is found in areas where annual rainfall varies from 500-750 mm.
  • The soil is calcareous in nature and gravel (kankar) layer occurs at a depth of 1-1.5 m.
  • The soil is deficient in potassium, nitrogen and zinc. Its pH range is 7.5-8.5.
  • The soil varies from sandy loam to silty clay.
  • It is further divided into thick loam, light loam and medium loam soil.
  • Thick loam soil is found in Nuh and Firozpur districts of Haryana.
  • Medium loam soil is found in Sonipat, Panipat, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Jind, Gurugram and Faridabad.
  • Light loam soil is found in upper reaches of Ambala, North Gurugram and North-East of Nuh district.
  • Wheat, rice, maize, cotton, sugarcane and jowar are the main crops grown in this soil.
  • Salinity and alkalinity are serious problems in this soil.

4. Sierozem Soil (Light and Very Light Soil)

  • This soil is found in areas where annual rainfall varies from 300-500 mm.
  • Salinity and alkalinity problems appear in this soil.
  • The soil is calcareous and usually has a kankar layer at a depth of 75-125 cm.
  • The soil is deficient in nitrogen, phosphorus and zinc.
  • Light soil is also known as Raosli soil.
  • It varies from sandy loam to loamy soil.
  • It is mainly found in Bhiwani, Rewari, Gurugram, Jhajjar and Hisar districts. Wheat, bajra, gram, jowar, cotton, rapeseed and mustard are grown in this soil,
  • Very light soil has a very light texture. The soil is sandy loam.
  • However, the alluvium is covered with sand which make it dry.
  • It is found in Hisar, Sirsa, Bhiwani, Rewari, Mahendragarh and Nuh districts. Wheat, cotton, mustard and rapeseed are major crops that can be grown in this type of soil.

5. Desert Soil (Loose Soil)

  • The soil is found in the areas having annual rainfall less than 300 mm.
  • Wind erosion is a serious problem in this soil.
  • Soil is deficient in most of the nutrients so heavy application of fertilisers and water is needed for cultivation. Its pH range is 8.5-9.
  • These soils are found in Southern parts of Sirsa, Hisar, Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Rewari. Gram, bajra and jowar are main crops that grown in this soil.
Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana
Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Soil Profile in Districts of Haryana

  • The soil profile found in the districts of Haryana is different with each other.
  • The soil profile of some of the districts are given below:
  • In the sub-hilly region of the Shivaliks, loamy, grey and sandy soils are found.
  • In Rohtak district, the soil is mainly comprises of old alluvium and thus it is fertile.
  • In most of the areas of Jhajjar tehsil, one can find sand dunes. The soil here is of light grey colour and lacks nitrogen content.
  • The soil of Sonipat district is sandy and loamy.
  • In Sirsa district, red soil is found.
  • In Hisar, Bhiwani and Fatehabad, sandy loamy soil is in abundance.
  • Gurugram district comprises of both hills and depressions. The soils found here are sandy and loamy.
  • In jind district, soil has been brought by rivers Ghaggar and Yamuna. It is also called alluvial soil.
  • The soil of Ambala and Kaithal district is yellowish-grey in colour. The soil of Faridabad is fertile.
  • The soil of districts Kurukshetra, Panipat and Karnal is yellowish-grey and fertile.
  • The soil of districts Mahendragarh and Rewari is predominantly sandy.

Soil Degradation in Haryana

  • Water erosion, wind erosion and waterlogging causes degradation of soil which results reduction in the soil fertility.
  • These are followed by alkalinity, salinity and flood deposits.
  • Saline soil occurs in parts of Gurugram, Mahendragarh, Sonipat, Rohtak, Hisar and Jind districts of Haryana.
  • Alkali soil occurs in parts of Karnal, Kurukshetra and Rohtak districts.
  • Water erosion is a serious problem in the Shivalik foothills in the districts of Ambala, Panchkula and Yamunanagar.
  • Waterlogging is also an acute problem. Southern parts of Mahendragarh, Gurugram and Hisar are affected by wind erosion.

Soil Conservation Measures

  • Around 40-50% of land resource in Haryana is subjected to high run off, siltation and land degradation.
  • Following measures can be taken in the state to reduce the ongoing process of land degradation :
  • To reduce soil erosion by wind, some measures which can be taken are social fencing, building contour trenches, vegatative plantations, creating grass barriers and mulching.
  • To reduce land degradation by running water and waterlogging some measures which can be taken are building check dams, silt retention dams, gully plugs, storage structure to collect rainwater, integrated watershed management, stablisation of ponds, etc.
  • To prevent undercutting of hilly surfaces, planting trees, bushes, erecting wire structures, drop structures are undertaken.

Minerals in Haryana

  • In Haryana, minerals are available only in seven districts.
  • These districts are Panipat, Faridabad, Mahendragarh, Ambala, Gurugram, Rewari and Bhiwani.
  • The minerals occurring in this state are primarily China clay, limestone, dolomite, and quartz/silica sand.
  • Other minerals, such as barytes, calcite, feldspar, copper, tin and tungsten are noteworthy.
  • Kaliyana in the district of Charkhi Dadri is famous for producing flexible sandstone
  • This sandstone is embedded in the same quarries (a large pit) where tougher sandstone is found.
  • China clay is found in Faridabad, Gurugram and Rewari districts.
  • Mineral water is available in Shiv Kund and Shila Kund of Sohna in the district of Gurugram.
  • Among building materials, granite, slate, marble, quartzite and sandstone are also found in the state.
  • Limestone and materials used in construction and building are some of the major minerals of Haryana.

The major mineral of Haryana are given below:

Building Stone

  • Haryana is famous for its slate deposits, which are extensively extracted and used as ornamental, building and decorative stones and forms an important source of foreign currency.
  • The slates are generally of greyish and greyish black colour.
  • Although black, greenish black and multi-coloured slates are also found.
  • Other prominent building materials include sandstone, quartzite and granite.
  • Building stones are found in Mahendragarh, Rewari and Gurugram.
  • The main deposits of slate occur in Mahendragarh district.
  • Faridabad and Gurugram also has small quantities of slate.
  • Quartz is found in Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurugram and Mahendragarh, and Quartzite is found in Gurugram and Mahendragarh.
  • Granite occurs in Bhiwani district. It is of high quality. It is also found in Maroli hills in Mahendragarh.

Limestone

  • It is found in the district of Panchkula, Ambala, Mahendragarh, Bhiwani Rohtak and Hisar.
  • In Panchkula, limestone is extracted from the regions of Kalka and Crystallised Limestone is extracted from Malla.
  • In Ambala, limestone it is mined from Narayangarh, Khadam, Ramsar, Shola and Jaunpur.
  • Crystallised Limestone is taken from Baru.
  • In Mahendragarh, limestone is extracted from Ghani, Kyutha, Ramnathpura, etc.

Iron-Ore

  • Haryana has limited quantities of iron-ore reserves.
  • It is found in Bhiwani but the iron-ore is of low quality.
  • In Narnaul of Mahendragarh district, iron-ore of magnetite variety is found.

Kyanite

  • Kyanite is found in Mahendragarh district.
  • The kyanite is light blue and yellowish in colour and is associated with flakes of muscovite.

Asbestos

  • It is found in Haryana in Mahendragarh district.
  • It is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals used commercially for their desirable physical properties

Manganese

  • It is found in Haryana in Mahendragarh district.
  • It is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.

Marble

  • It is a rock resulting from metamorphism of sedimentary carbonate rocks, most commonly limestone or dolomite rock.
  • Metamorphism causes variable recrystallisation of the original carbonate mineral grains.
  • In Haryana, it is found in Mahendragarh district.
Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana
Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

1 Reddish Chestnut soil is found in the areas having annual rainfall of

(a) 500 to 1000 mm (b) 1000 to 1500 mm (c) 250 to 500 mm (d) 500 to 750 mm

2 Thick or heavy soil found in Haryana is generally good for which crop in Haryana?

(a) Bajra (b) Sugarcane (c) Rapeseed (d) Jowar

3 Which soil is found in areas where annual rainfall varies from 500-750 mm in Haryana?

(a) Desert soil (b) Light soil (c) Arid Brown soil (d) Reddish Chestnut soil

4 Which kind of soil found in Haryana is also known as Raosli in the state? [PGT 2016]

(a) Light soil (b) Loose soil (c) Thick soil (d) Mountain soil

5 Which among the following districts is likely to have desert soil in Haryana?

(a) Jhajjar (b) Ambala (c) Rewari (d) Karnal

6 Sierozem (very light soil) is found in which of the following districts? [HSSC 2016)

(a) Hisar (b) Rewari (c) Sirsa (d) All of the above

7 Desert soil is found in the areas having rainfall less than

(a) 200 mm (b) 300 mm (c) 400 mm (d) 500 mm

8 The soil of Sonipat district is

(a) sandy (b) loamy (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the above

9 In Jind district, soil has been brought by the rivers

(a) Ghaggar (b) Yamuna (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the above

10 The soil of Ambala and Kaithal district is………. in colour.

(a) brownish-grey (b) yellowish-grey (c) red (d) None of the above

11 The soil of district Mahendragarh and Rewari is predominantly [TGT 2010]

(a) sandy (b) loamy (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the above

12 Saline soil occurs in parts of

(a) Gurugram (b) Sonipat (c) Rohtak (d) All of the above

13 The soil of Ambala suffers from the problem of

(a) wind erosion (b) water erosion (c) salinity (d) alkalinity

14 Which of the following is the major problem of soils in Haryana?

(a) Salinity (b) Water erosion (c) Waterlogging (d) Alkalinity

15 Soils of Gurugram and Hisar are affected by

(a) wind erosion (b) waterloggings (c) alkalinity (d) salinity

16 Which among the following is an effective measure for soil conservation due to water logging in Northern districts of Haryana?

(a) Mulching (b) Silt retention dams (c) Contour trenching (d) Both (b) and (c)

17 Out of 22 districts how many number of districts of Haryana are rich in mineral resources?

(a) 12 (b) 15 (c) 6 (d) 7

18 Gurugram and Mahendragarh are rich in [Patwari 2016)

(a) tin (b) dolomite (c) slate (d) feldspar

19 Which of the following districts is rich in limestone?

(a) Panipat (b) Sonipat (c) Nuh (d) Ambala

20 Narnaul is famous for mining of

(a) gypsum (b) limestone (c) iron ore (d) slate

21 Which of the following districts has deposits of kyanite?

(a) Hisar (b) Ambala (c) Rohtak (d) Mahendragarh

22 Asbestos is found in which district of Haryana?

(a) Hisar (b) Gurugram (c) Karnal (d) Mahendragarh

23 Manganese is found in which district of Haryana? [PGT 2016]

(a) Hisar (b) Mahendragarh (c) Karnal (d) Gurgaon

24 Which among the following districts is rich in copper?

(a) Mahendragarh (b) Karnal (c) Hisar (d) Rewaris

25 Which of the following districts has the deposits of Tibba Sand?

(a) Rohtak (b) Gurugram (c) Faridabad (d) Bhiwani

26 Which of the following statements about Sierozem soil is/are incorrect?

I. The soil is rich in calcium.

II. This is found in areas having rainfall between 300-500 mm.

III. The soil suffers from the problem of salinity.

Codes (a) Only I (c) Only 11 (b) II and III (d) None of these

27 Which of the following statements is/are correct?

I. Haryana is rich in high grade iron ore.

II. Haryana is rich in minerals, which are largely used in construction industry.

Codes

(a) Only I (b) Only 11 (c) Both I and II. (d) None of the above

28 Which of the following districts suffer from the problem of soil salinity?

1. Gurugram

II. Mahendragarh

III. Faridabad

IV, Jhajjar

Codes

(a) I and II. (b) I, II and III (c) I, II and IV (d) II and III

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

INDUSTRIES IN HARYANA

  • Haryana is among the highly economically developed and industrialised states of India.
  • With a splendid economic growth, highest per capita income indices, sound industrial infrastructure, strong manufacturing base, advanced agricultural sector and vibrant service sector.
  • Historically an agrarian state, Haryana today is well known for its strong enterprise (manufacturing and services) base.
  • Surrounding the national capital city, Delhi, from three sides it has become one of India’s largest automobile hub.
  • The state has also emerged as a base for the knowledge industry, including IT and biotechnology.
  • Haryana is the third largest exporter of software and one of the preferred destination for IT/ITes facilities.

History of Industrial Development in Haryana

  • Before Independence, a few industries were concentrated in the region mainly sugar, timber and cotton mill.
  • After Independence, the Central Government gave priority to industrial development from the Second Five Year Plan.
  • As a result, the areas of Faridabad, Sonipat, Panipat and Bahadurgarh developed as industrial units.
  • The state got its share of mineral resources after its separation from Punjab in 1966.
  • From then, onwards the state started framing its independent industrial policy.

Stages of Industrial Development in Haryana

  • Industrial development started in Haryana from 1980 onwards as comprehensive plans were drawn to extract and utilise the mineral resources to give a firm industrial base to the state.
  • The industrial development in the state primarily depends on the mineral resources found in the specific regions.
  • The districts of Yamunanagar, Ambala, Faridabad, Bhiwani, etc, emerged as important industrial zones due to concentration of mineral and other resources. P
  • The districts of Gurugram, Faridabad, Sonipat and Panipat emerged as important industrial centres due to their locational advantage of being in National Capital Region.
  • The state has more number of small industries as compared to large scale industries.
  • From year 2000 onwards the state gave strength to the development of Information and Technology Industry.
  • The state declared 2013 as year of Industry and Employment.
  • The new industrial policy of 2015 stimulates further industrial growth in the state on a fast track basis.

Industrial Scenario in Haryana

  • According to Economic Survey 2020-21, Industries contribute 30% to Haryana’s GDP and has a GDP growth rate of 8%.
  • Haryana provides close accessibility to the National Capital of Delhi, quality infrastructure, excellent law and order situation and conducive policy environment due to which it is the preferred investment location for both private and foreign sector.

Key Industries in Haryana

  • Some major industries in Haryana are as follows:

Food Processing and Allied Industry

  • Haryana has the advantage of being an agrarian state. It is a major contributor to the National Foodgrains Pool.
  • Apart from its own base for production of vegetables and fruits (perishable commodities), the state constitutes the route for transportation of fruit from Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.
  • The state has a good base for production of milk and holds the potential for growth of milk and dairy based industry.
  • Dairy industries are concentrated throughout the state.
  • Yakult (Sonipat), Perfetti Van Melle India (Manesar) and Nestle (Samlakha), Parle (Bahadurgarh), etc are important food processing industries of private sector located in Haryana.
  • As per the State Food Processing Policy, 2018 the state is equipped with 4 food parks with 2 fully functional food parks at Rai and Saha.
  • Mega Food Parks at Barhi and Rohtak are being set-up with the state of the art common infrastructure facilities under Ministry of Food Processing scheme of Mega Food Parks.

Agro Based Industry

Cotton textile Industry

  • The first mill to be started in the state was in 1937 in Bhiwani, Panipat has already established its place on the International map as a centre for the handloom products.
  • Gurugram-Manesar belt has also emerged as the centre for manufacture and export of readymade garments.
  • A number of units are engaged in the manufacturing of leather garments and other accessories.
  • The Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation has already developed a Texțile Park at Barhi.
  • An International Trade and Convention Centre would be set up at Panipat to promote handloom products.
  • Under the New Textile Policy, 2018, the state government will facilitate setting up of Apparel parks exclusively for apparel manufacturing units in Mewat district.
  • An Integrated Textile Park in Hisar District and a Textile Park exclusively for Dyers and Processors in Faridabad district shall also be assisted by the state government.
  • In addition, the government will also facilitate the process of development of clusters in the state namely Carpet cluster at Panipat, Garmenting cluster at Gurugram and Hosiery cluster at Sirsa.

Paper Industry

  • First paper mill started in the state was in 1929 by the name of Messors Punjab Pulp and Paper Mill Limited at Abdullahpur.
  • Many private companies have their paper manufacturing units in Sonipat, Rewari and the Yamunanagar.
  • Gurugram also has paper mills from which paper is supplied all over India.

Sugar Mill

  • Haryana has many sugar mills as sugarcane is a commercial crop of Haryana.
  • Oldest sugar mill in the region is now in Lahore opened in 1933 in tool Undivided Punjab, by the name of Saraswati Industrial Syndicate Limited.

Footwear and Accessories Industry

  • The state has many leather product and footwear-making industries, which are actively involved in the process of end-to-end product making.
  • The major industries are at Karnal, Faridabad, Bahadurgarh, Gurugram, Manesar, Sonipat, Kundli, Ambala etc.
  • In view of the demand of trained manpower of the footwear industry, Footwear Design and Development Institute (FDDI) is being set up IMT Rohtak.

Timber Industry

  • This industry also forms one of the main industries of Haryana in the North-East regions of the state in the districts of Yamunanagar, Kaithal and Karnal.
  • Chir, Sheesham, Keekar, Sagwan trees are used for timber.
  • Before 1947, the timber industry in Yamunanagar was known as Wood Mandi of Abdullahpur.

Automobiles and Automotive Components

  • Automobile manufacturing sector constitutes Haryana’s primary strength, due to the presence of Maruti Suzuki, Hero, Honda, Escorts, which have led to the development of a large number of ancillaries in this sector.
  • Gurugram-Manesar-Bawal region has been identified as an Auto Hub by the Government of India.
  • A number of auto and auto component units have already set up base in this hub.
  • Haryana is the largest producer of tractors in the country.

Pharmaceutical Industry

  • The pharma sector has a vast growth potential in the country and the state recognises the need for development of this sector on a sustainable basis.
  • The Government of India has selected Haryana state for establishment of a Bio-Technology Park along with research and development facility besides promoting the establishment of a Pharma Industrial Park in the state.
  • The State Government has decided to earmark and acquire about 1000 acres of land for the development of a dedicated Pharma Park in the Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) Expressway Global Economic Corridor. Haryana Pharmaceutical Policy 2018 is being framed to facilitate pharmaceutical companies in the state.

Waste Prcocessing and Recycling Industry

  • The state encourages and promote the industry engaged in processing of waste material e.g. urban solid waste, hazardous waste, medical waste, etc.
  • Its recycling with value addition to be set up in different parts of the state.
  • It would facilitate all the requisite clearances for this industry on priority.
  • As a special measure to promote this industry, the government proposes to exempt from Value Added Tax (VAT) on any fuel manufactured by the processing of municipal solid waste.
  • The recycling is set up at IMT Manesar, Rohtak, Samalakha.
  • Solid and Liquid Waste Management Projects are being set up in three districts i.e. Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Kaithal.
  • A waste treatment plant to convert waste to energy was set up in Karnal on Kachwa road in February, 2018.

Information Technology and IT Enabled Services

  • The State Government continue to accord priority to the IT and ITeS sector in recognition of its potential for employment, exports, wealth generation and spin off on the growth of services sector.
  • The state has approved 35 sites for the development of cyber parks, of which the Town and Country Panning Department has granted licenses in respect of 33 proposals.
  • Gurugram has emerged as the most preferred investment destination in Northern India for IT and ITeS industry.
  • Apart from Gurugram, other IT centres in Haryana are Faridabad, Ambala and Chandigarh. Sonipat and Karnal are emerging as IT hubs.
  • Besides, the State Government is taking initiatives through its agencies like Secretariat for Information Technology (SIT), Haryana State Electronics Development Corporation (HARTRON) and Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) for furthering the development of Information and Communication Technology sector in the state.
  • The State Government has launched the New Haryana IT and ITeS Policy, 2017, The policy focuses on giving attractive fiscal incentives to the private sector investors and also aims to develop an all-round ecosystem through appropriate governance mechanism interventions to improve existing industry infrastructure.

Key Industrial Centres in Haryana

  • Some of the main industrial areas in the state are as follows:

Faridabad

  • It is the biggest industrial city of Haryana as well as of North India.
  • Large and small scale industries related to production of automobiles, tractor, motorcycle, refrigerator, rubber tyres, tools, footwears, appliances of kitchen are based here.
  • It is home to ITE hundreds of large-scale companies like Orient Paper and Industries, JCB India Limited, Whirlpool, ABB Group, Goodyear Tyres and Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd., Escorts Limited.
  • Adjacent to the Southern part of Delhi, the city is well-connected to the national capital and Gurugram through road and rail network.
  • An exhibition cum convention centre is planned to be developed in Faridabad.

Panchkula

  • The State Government encourages the Information Technology (IT) Sector and BPO Sector by providing several incentives.
  • Inline of this, Panchkula IT Park was established in 2008 and a Nano City Project was also proposed.
  • This Nano city will be developed on similar line as of Silicon Valley (Banglore) of India.
  • Economic hub around Panchkula is to be developed as Information Technology (IT) Corridors.

Panipat

  • Indian Oil’s Panipat refinery which was set up in 1980 is the most modern public sector refinery equipped with state-of-the-art technology.
  • It is located at Baholi in Panipat.
  • Panipat refinery today is on the springboard of growth with two projects, Panipat Refinery Expansion Project for doubling its capacity and Integrated Paraxylene and PTA Project.
  • In order to further accelerate the development of textile industry, a project under Textile Centres Infrastructure Development Scheme (TCIDS) of the Government of India, is started at Panipat.
  • Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets.
  • It is the biggest centre for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weaving industry.
  • In addition, Panipat city is the bigmest centre of ‘Shoddy Yarn’in the world.
  • The Samalkha sub-division of this district is famous for foundry of agriculture instruments.
  • National Fertilizer Limited is a major industry that is run by Central Government in Panipat that produces around 20 lakhs tonnes of fertilizer.
  • Panipat also has centres for production of captive electricity machine components.

Yamunanagar

  • Yamunanagar is one of the largest industrial centres of Haryana, where the largest sugar mill and the largest paper mill of Asia are located.
  • Therefore the city is also called Paper City of Haryana.
  • Ballarpur Paper Mill is located here that was established in 1929 as Punjab Pulp and Paper Mill Abdullahpur Limited.
  • Now the mill also produces refined oil, ghee, caustic soda, writing ink apart from paper.
  • It also houses a Thermal Power Plant, a Hydroelectric Power Plant and Steel and Brass Industries.
  • Jagadhri has printing and packaging cluster.
  • Famous Saraswati Sugar Mill is also located here which was established in 1933 in Lahore.
  • The district is also popular as a wholesale timber market, which is more than 100 years old.
  • It is famous as Abdullahpur.
  • The Railway Carriage and Wagon workshop at Jagadhri in Yamunanagar was established in 1952.
  • It is an important workshop for the maintenance of Northern railway especially Shatabdi trains.
  • Industrial gas production unit established in 1973 is also located in Yamunanagar.
  • It was renamed to Yamma Gases and Chemicals Limited in 1988.

Bhiwani

  • It is a centre for small, cottage and village industries.
  • The first textile mill in Haryana was established in Bhiwani in 1937.
  • Charkhi Dadri in Bhiwani has a large scale cement factory that was established in 1939 by Seth Ramkrishna Dalmia in collaboration with German engineers.
  • It was acquired by Cement Corporation of India on 23rd June, 1981.
  • The Technological Institute of Textiles is an industrial unit that was set up in 1943 in Bhiwani.
  • Its textiles are exported to Bangladesh, Turkey and Belgium.
  • At present Charkhi Dadri is made into a separate district.

Gurugram

  • It is the most developed commercial and business centre of Haryana, located on the outskirts of Delhi.
  • Most of the automobile and auto component manufacturers in the state have their base in the industrial areas around Gurugram.
  • Gurugram also has a number of garment export units.
  • During the last 3-4 years, Gurugram has emerged as an important location for the Information Technology (IT) and the Information Technology Enabled Services (ITS) industry in the state.
  • Gurugram is called as City of the Millennium.
  • It is a hub of call centres.
  • Gurugram has now emerged to become the city with the third highest per-capita income in India.
  • Gurugram has the presence of about 250 or 50% of the Fortune 500 companies.
  • Some famous companies located in Gurugram district are as follows:
  • A branch of Benetton Group is located in Gurugram which produce shoes, clothes, bags, etc. et
  • Maruti Suzuki Private Limited was the first company that set up a manufacturing unit in the city in 1970s making cars.
  • DLF Limited, a real estate company acquired vast stretches of land in the city.
  • The first major American brand to set up a unit in Gurugram was General Electric in 1997, and it is regarded as the first foreign company in India, that was established for Outsourcing Software Work.
  • SRF Limited Company which produce engineering plastics, fibers, synthetics chemicals and packaging films is also located in Gurugram.
  • Various international companies, including Coca-Cola, Pepsi, IBM, American Express, Agilent Technologies, Microsoft and Bank of America have their offices positioned in Gurugram.
  • Orient Crafts Limited was set up in 28th February, 1978 is a major exporter with its production centre at Gurugram.
  • Munjal Shova Limited Company for the production of shock absorbers, SRF Limited Company for the production of industrial fibres, engineering plastics, synthetic chemicals and packaging have their head office at Gurugram.
  • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), a leading BPO was set up in 1968 in Gurugram.
  • There are five corporate centres of TCS in Gurugram.
  • Other companies with their head offices in Gurugram are Ranbaxy Limited (1961), Pro-Agro Seeds Company (1977), Eli-Lili India Private Limited (1976) for pharmaceutical products.
  • Genpact Company was established in 1997. Its head office is located in Gurugram

Ambala

  • It is one of the largest producers of scientific and surgical instruments in the country, hence called Science City.
  • It is also known for the production of engineering goods and textile particularly rugs which is locally known as ‘Durries.
  • ‘Consumer goods like kitchen appliances, electrical appliances, gas stoves are also produced here.

Sonipat

  • This city is also called golden city.
  • Ganaur, Kundli Rai are major industrial centres of Sonipat.
  • The district is also popular for Atlas Cycle industries which is one among the top three cycle manufacturers in the world.
  • Milton cycle company is also located here.
  • Yakult Donone India Private Limited in Saha and Glaxo Smith Kline (GSK) Consumer Health Care Limited in Khera village which is famous for its product.
  • Horlicks, are also located in Sonipat.

Rohtak

  • Industrial development has started on a rapid pace in this district due to single window clearance facility scheme of Haryana.
  • The scheme provides ease of establishing small scale industrial units.
  • Eelectrical equipments, sugar, cotton textiles. threads, surgical instrument and spare parts industries are major industries of the district.

Rewari

  • Dharuhera, Baawal and Rewari are important industrial zones of the district.
  • The region is most popular for producing brass wares.
  • The brass industry began around 1535 in the city with the help of Portuguese.
  • During the time of Hemu, cannons were cast in Rewari for the army of Sher Shah Suri.
  • Other popular industries are leather shoes, tiles, handicrafts and hand crafted fancy bridal jutties known as ‘Tilla Jutti.
  • ‘Dharuhera and Baawal has large manufacturing unit of Hero Honda Motorcycles and Harley Davidson (assembling unit).
  • Dharuhera plant of Hero Moto Corp is the largest producer of motor cycles in the world.

Hisar

  • The city has a large steel industry and is also known as the Steel City because of the Jindal Stainless Steel Factories.
  • It is also one of the largest producer of galvanised iron.
  • This city in Haryana has small scale industries related to agro based products like cotton ginning, spinning and yarns, leather, furniture and ropes.
  • It also has mineral based industries like iron garders, agricultural tools, PVC pipes, etc.

Industries and Related Places

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana
Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Major Industrial Development Agencies of Haryana

Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructural Development Corporation

  • It was set up in 1967, for promoting medium and large scale industries, so as to ensure balanced regional development of Haryana, by acting as an institutional entrepreneur and a financial institution.
  • Headquarted at Panchkula, it is a state owned agency that strives to develop world class infrastructure.
  • It provides financial assistance by way of loans, equipment re-finance/equipment leasing and working capital.

Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board

  • In order to promote village industries, the State Government of Haryana established the Khadi and Village Industries Board in 1969. Chowdhary Devi Lal was its first Chairman.
  • The industry thrives on producing village products through cottage industries like Khadi handlooms, honey, soaps, aggarbattis, candles, bags, carpets, mats, etc.

Haryana Enterprises Promotion Board

  • It has been constituted in 2017 under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister to attract domestic as well as foreign direct investment in the state.
  • The Haryana Enterprises Promotion Board is competent to approve a customised package of incentives and concessions to mega projects, undertake investment promotion activities, identify and approve sectors in which foreign as well as domestic investment is sought keeping in view the state priorities.
  • One enterprises promotion board is set up at Chandigarh to provide single point contact services.

Haryana Industrial Policy, 2015

  • This policy is also called Enterprises Promotion Policy, 2015.
  • It came into effect from 11th August, 2015.

The main features of this policy are as follows:

  • The Haryana State Government aims to create 10 lakh jobs with this policy by attracting an investment of 1 lakh crore. The state will open 20 new SEZ.
  • It plans to open food processing industries along with giving easy loans for opening up 700 small scale production units.
  • Under Mukhya Mantri Grammen Yojna, easy loans are given to open village industries for local markets.
  • Opening up of Industrial Township at Faridabad and Kharkhoda. It will based on the lines of Industrial Model Township (IMT), Manesar that provides land, investment facilities, business establishments and housing facilities all at one place.
  • Under this policy the state also provides facilities to MNC and other Indian companies to invest in Haryana.

State Government Initiatives for Industrial Development

  • The Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) is the nodal agency of the state for development of industrial infrastructure.
  • The corporation has successfully developed a number of Industrial Model Townships/Industrial Estates at strategic locations in the state and plans to develop such projects at new sites besides expansion of existing ones.
  • Following initiatives are being taken by the state for the development of industrial infrastructure

Special Economic Zone (SEZ),

  • Haryana has 8 notified Special Economic Zones (SEZs), 29 formally approved Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and 28 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) having in principle approval.
  • It is appreciated widely for being the state with highest number of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in the country
  • DLF SEZ at Gurugram and United SEZ at Rai (Sonipat) are notable.
  • Reliance Haryana SEZ at Jhajjar is India’s largest SEZ project with a capital outlay of US $ 10 billion.
  • Panchkula is developed as Nano City and IT corridor.
  • The state has come out with Haryana Special Economic Zones Act, 2006, for facilitating development of Special Economic Zone (SEZs) in the state and framed rules thereunder.

Industrial Model Townships

  • The Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT) at Manesar.
  • More and more IMTs are being developed at Rohtak (3,800 acres), Faridabad (1,800 acres), Roz-ka-Meo (1,500 acres) and Kharkhoda (3,000 acres).
  • Some regions of Haryana that lie within the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) are also developed as industrial townships.
  • They are Faridabad-Palwal, Rewari, Hisar, Kundli-Sonipat and Manesar-Bawal.
  • These townships will have campuses for large industries, ICT parks, industrial plots, flatted factories, residential facilities, labour housing, commercial and institutional areas, entertainment zones, skill development, healthcare facilities, etc.

Inland Container Depot

  • The state has set up Inland Container Depot for providing the storage and warehouse facilities to businesses.
  • It is set up at Faridabad, Rewari and Panipat.
  • The Container Corporation of India is setting up a cold chain complex at Rai (Sonipat).
  • In Bawal warehousing facilities are developed with public private partnership.

Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

Gems and Jewellery Parks

  • These parks have been identified as an industry having good potential for development in the state.
  • Government will develop a Gems and Jewellery Park Complex at Udyog Vihar (Gurugram) to promote this sector.
  • It will be endeavour of the government to seek Special Economic Zone status for this park.

Industrial Estates

  • Haryana has established 103 industrial estates through its development agencies.
  • The industrial estates in the state are developed by Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC), Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) and private players.
  • The important industrial estates are Kundli (Sonipat), Samalkha (Panipat), Tohana (Fatehabad) and Roz-ka-Meo (Gurugram).

Industrial Clusters

  • The State Government has earmarked various regions for setting up production units of one kind.
  • Panipat is developed as textile cluster, Gurugram as auto parts and Faridabad as light engineering.
  • Rural areas are also developed as industriale clusters such as Ismailabad in Kurukshetra for Jute manufacturing, Farrukhnagar in Gurugram for cave formative, Odhi in Rewari for leather footwear, etc.
  • A petrochemical complex is established at Panipat that caters to the production of petrochemical products.
  • The state also plans to set up Nuclear plant at Faridabad.

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

उद्योग एवं खनिज संसाधन

  • हरियाणा देश का खनिज बहुल प्रदेश नहीं है फिर भी प्रदेश में कई खनिज यथा- मैंगनीज, अभ्रक, चूना पत्थर, स्लेट,ट्जि, चीनी मिट्टी संगमरमर, लौह अयस्क, ताँबा एस्बेस्टस, कायनाईट आदि प्राप्त होते हैं।
  • राज्य (हरियाणा) के गठन के पूर्व वर्ष – 1960-61 में प्रदेश की कुल आय में औद्योगिक क्षेत्र का योगदान 16.49% था। जबकि वर्ष 2020-21 में बढ़कर यह 32% तक पहुंच चुका है।
  • स्वतंत्रता से पूर्व ही यमुनानगर (जगाधरी) में सन् 1870 में एक रेलवे वर्कशॉप स्थापित किए गए थे, जो एल्युमिनियम बर्तन का निर्माण कर फौज की जरूरतें पूरी करती थी।
  • इसी दौरान रेवाड़ी पीतल एवं ताँबे के बर्तनों के निर्माण का एक प्रमुख केन्द्र के रूप में स्थापित हो चुका था।

नई औद्योगिक नीति 2011. प्रमुख बिन्दु

  • अगले दशक में 2 लाख करोड़ के निवेश को प्रदेश में आकर्षित करने का लक्ष्य रखा गया है।
  • प्रदेश में 20 नए विशेष आर्थिक क्षेत्र बनाए जाना प्रस्तावित
  • 10 लाख नौकरियों के सृजन का लक्ष्य रखा गया है।
  • यह देश का पहला राज्य होगा, जो श्रमिकों के लिए पॉलिसी देने जा रहा है।
  • एक परमाणु प्लांट फरीदाबाद में स्थापित करने की योजना
  • आइ एम. टी मेवात, रोहतक, खरखौदा और फरीदाबाद में औद्योगिक मॉडल टाउनशिप मानेसर की तर्ज पर विकसित किया जाएगा।

उद्यम संवर्द्धन नीति 2015

  • 1 लाख करोड़ का निवेश।
  • 4 लाख लोगों के लिए रोजगार सृजन।’
  • हरियाणा को निवेश हब के रूप में प्रदर्शित करना।
  • इस नीति का निर्माण भारत सरकार के ‘मेक इन इंडिया’ ‘डिजिटल इंडिया’ ‘स्किल इंडिया’ जैसे कार्यक्रमों को ध्यान में रखकर बनाया गया है।
  • इस नीति में निवेश सब्सिडी, ब्याज सब्सिडी, रोजगार सृजन, बाजार विकास सहायता आदि सम्मलित है।
  • प्रदेश सरकार ने हरियाणा उद्यम संवर्द्वन अधिनियम 2016 को लागू किया है।
  • प्रदेश में एक एंटरप्राइजेज प्रमोशन सेंटर की स्थापना की गई है, जो प्रदेश में उद्यमियों को बिना किसी परेशानी के लिए समयबद्ध तरीके से मंजूरी प्रदान करेगी एक निवेश हरियाणा पोर्टल लांच किया गया है ताकि न्यूनतम सरकार अधिकतम अभिशासन के लक्ष्य को प्राप्त किया जा सके।
  • व्यापार को आसान बनाने के लिए यूनिफॉर्म बिलिंग कोड-2017 को संशोधित किया गया है और तीसरे पक्ष के प्रमाणीकरण के स्व प्रमाणन व्यवस्था लागू की गई है।
  • राज्य की समस्त सेवाएँ हरियाणा एंटरप्राइजेज प्रमोशन सेंटर के अंतर्गत स्थापित करने के लिए 45 दिनों की अवधि अनिवार्य कर दी गई है। इसके लिए डीम्ड स्वीकृति दी जाएगी। निर्माण क्षेत्र में कुशलता विकास को बढ़ावा देने के लिए 2 टूल रूम प्रौद्योगिकी केन्द्र आई. एम. टी. रोहतक तथा औद्योगिक विकास केन्द्र ‘साहा’ में 150 करोड़ की पूँजी निवेश की योजना है।

इंडस्ट्रियल क्लस्टर्स

  • राज्य में कई औद्योगिक समूह विकसित किए जाने की योजना है।
  • प्रमुख औद्योगिक समूह-टैक्सटाइल क्लस्टर (पानीपत), ऑटो पार्ट्स क्लस्टर (गुरुग्राम), लाइट इंजीनियर उपकरण (फरीदाबाद), ग्रामीण क्लस्टर में जट उत्पादन हेत इस्माइलाबाद (कुरुक्षेत्र), जूट एवं केन फर्नीचर हेतु (फर्रूखनगर), लेदर फुटवियर हेतु ओढ़ी (रेवाड़ी) आदि प्रमुख है।

इंडस्ट्रियल मॉडल टाउनशिप

  • इसका उद्देश्य ऐसा आवासीय औद्योगिक क्षेत्र विकसित करना है, जहाँ औद्योगिक भूखंड आवास स्थान और व्यावसायिक तथा मनोरंजन की सुविधा एक ही जगह विकसित हो।
  • प्रदेश सरकार द्वारा खरखौदा, रोहतक, फरीदाबाद, और यमुनानगर में आई. एम. टी. मानेसर की तर्ज पर आई. एम. टी. स्थापित – किए जा रहे हैं।

एक्सपोर्ट प्रमोशन इंडस्ट्रियल पार्क

  • इस योजना के अंतर्गत फूड पार्क, इंडस्ट्रियल पार्क, इलेक्ट्रानिक्स पार्क, वस्त्र पार्क आदि हरियाणा-दिल्ली सीमा पर 107 एकड़ भूखंड पर बनाया गया है।
  • यह निर्यात को प्रोत्साहन देने हेतु स्थापित है।

विशेष आर्थिक क्षेत्र (SEZ)

  • सेज (SEZ) अधिनियम-2005 के तहत स्थापित यह ऐसा भौगोलिक क्षेत्र है, जहाँ व्यापार, आर्थिक क्रियाकलाप, उत्पादन एवं अन्य व्यावसायिक गतिविधियों को संपन्न किया जाता है।
  • इसका उद्देश्य निवेश संवर्द्धन, रोजगार सृजन सेवाओं एवं वस्तुओं के निर्यात आधारभूत सेवाओं का विकास करना आदि है।
  • हरियाणा में 24 सेज औपचारिक रूप से स्वीकृति, 3 सेज सैद्धान्तिक रूप से स्वीकृति और 20 सेज अधिसुचित है।

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

प्रदेश के उद्योगों का जिलेवार विवरण

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana
Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

हॉट प्वॉइन्ट

  1. हरियाणा में दस्तकारी प्रशिक्षण केन्द्र अवस्थित है.—- – मधुवन, (करनाल), रोहतक, जगाधारी
  2. भारत में कारों के उत्पादन का हिस्सा प्रतिशत हरियाणा में उत्पादित है —– करीब 80% –
  3. सेनेटरी उत्पादों का कितना प्रतिशत का उत्पादन हरियाणा में होता है—1/3 (लगभग)
  4. भारत में सर्वश्रेष्ठ टैक्टरों का उत्पादन करने वाला राज्य — हरियाणा –
  5. नैनो सिटी एवं सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी पार्क बनाए जा रहे हैं– पंचकुला में –
  6. राज्य की पहली औद्यागिकी नीति की घोषणा हुई थी–6 जून 2005
  7. ताँबे एवं पीतल के बर्तनों हेतु प्रसिद्ध जिला है। —- रेवाड़ी –
  8. सेठ राम कृष्ण डालमिया फैक्ट्री अवस्थित है। — भिवानी जिल
  9. सरस्वती चीनी मिल है—- यमुनानगर –
  10. हरियाणा विद्युत बोर्ड स्थापित हुआ—3 मई 1967
  11. रेनबेक्सी लेबोरेटरी का मुख्यालय है—- गुरुग्राम
  12. रेनबेक्सी लेबोरेटरी स्थापित हुई थी— 1961
  13. गुरुग्राम स्थित जेनपेक्ट कंपनी स्थापित हुई थी —1997
  14. पेपर सिटी के नाम से जाना जाता है —- यमुनानगर –
  15. देश का अत्याधुनिक तथा सबसे बड़ा तेल शोधक कारखाना अवस्थित है—- पानीपत तेलशोधक कारखाना (पानीपत)
  16. पानीपत में नेस्ले इंडिया की स्थापना हुई थी —-1993 में –
  17. हरियाणा में खादी एवं ग्रामीण उद्योग बोर्ड की स्थापना हुई थी–1969 (प्रथम अध्यक्ष चौधरी देवी लाल थे)

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

1 Which among the following area developed as a result of locational advantage to NCR?

(a) Sonipat (b) Bhiwani (c) Panchkula (d) Hisar

2 Haryana Government had declared which among the following years as ‘the Year of Industry and Employment’. [HSSC 2016]

(a) 2013 (b) 2012 (c) 2014 (d) 2011

3 Where was the first cotton will started in Haryana? [PGT 2016]

(a) Hisar (b) Kaithal (c) Bhiwani (d) Mahendragarh

4 First paper mill was started in the state in which year? [TGT 2016]

(a) 1929 (b) 1935 (c) 1940 (d) 1944

5 Gurugram-Manesar-Bawal region is famous for the production of ……

(a) pharmaceuticals (b) automobiles (c) agro-products (d) IT products

6 Haryana ranks first in the production of in the country.

(a) Scooty (b) Car (c) Tractor (d) Cement

7 Which city is considered biggest industrial city of Haryana? (HSSC 2015]

(a) Panipat (b) Faridabad (c) Ambala (d) Ballarpur

8 Which of the following districts is famous for production of light engineering goods industry?

(a) Ambala (b) Rewarin (c) Faridabad (d) Gurugram

9 Panchkula is famous for which type of industries?

(a) Utensils (b) Electronics (c) Textiles (d) Watches

10 The largest sugar mill and paper mill of Asia is located in the district of

(a) Bhiwani (b) Panchkula (c) Yamunanagar (d) Jind

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

11 Haryana has its printing and packaging clusters at which of the following district?

(a) Karnal (b) Panipat (c) Faridabad (d) Yamunanagar

12 Which district in Haryana has is known as Wood Mandi of Abdullahpur?(Patwari 2016)

(a) Kaithal (b) Karnal (c) Yamunanagar (d) Sirsa

13 Jagadhri where the maintenance of Shatabdi trains is undertaken is situated in the district of

(a) Yamunanagara (b) Sirsa (c) Panipat (d) Fatehabad

14 Maruti Suzuki established its first automobile factory at which place in Haryana?

(a) Bahadurgarh (b) Gurugram (c) Rohtak (d) Bhiwani

15 Which among the following was the first industry to be set up in Gurugram? (PGT 2015]

(a) Automobile (b) Information Technolgoy (c) Sanitary and Hardware (d) Computer Peripherals

16 Due to production of scientific equipments which city in Haryana is nicknamed as Science city?

(a) Panipat (b) Gurugram (c) Faridabad (d) Ambala

17 in which of the following districts, Kundli is located?

(a) Sonipat (b) Panipat (c) Kaithal (d) Karnal

18 The city of Sonipat is popular for which industry?

(a) Sugar Industry (b) Stationery (C) Bicycle Industry (d) Steel Industry

19 Which place in Haryana has a flourishing industry of a special kind of footwear ‘Tilla Jutti’?

(a) Rewari (b) Jagadri (c) Hisar (d) Fatehabad

20 Which of the following is known as ‘Brass city’ of Haryana?

(a) Rewari (b) Narnaul (c) Kaithal (d) Kundli

21 In which of the following years, HSIDC came into existence? (PGT 2015)

(a) 1965 (b) 1967 (c) 1969 (d) 1971

22 Wiiich of the following organisations is responsible for industrial infrastructure development in the state?

(a) Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation

(b) State PWD Department

(c) State Government of Haryana

(d) State Industry Government

23 On which date the New Enterprises Promotion Policy came into effect? [HSSC 2016)

(a) 11th August, 2015

(b) 11th September, 2015

(c) 11th March, 2015

(d) 11th April, 2015

24 At which of the following districts Industrial Model Township is proposed to be set up?

(a) Gurugramat (b) Ambala (c) Panchkulaa (d) Faridabad

25 IMT (Industrial Model Township) Manesar is located in which district of Haryana?

(a) Hisar (b) Faridabad (c) Gurugram (d) Karnal

26 DLF SEZ is at

(a) Faridabad (b) Rohtak (c) Jhajjar (d) Gurugram

27 In which of the following districts Reliance has set up its SEZ? (PGT 2015]

(a) Jhajjar (b) Ambala (c) Panchkula (d) Faridabad

28 Recognising the strength of Special Economic Zone, the state of Haryana came with Haryana Special Economic Zone Act in the year

(a) 2004 (b) 2005 (c) 2006 (d) 2007

29 Which among the following places in Haryana is being developed as a storage and warehouse hub?

(a) Rewari (b) Faridabad (c) Panipat (d) All of these

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

30 Which of the following statements is its incorrect?

(a) 40% of NCR falls in Haryana.

(b) Haryana is the leading producer of automobiles in the country.

(c) Haryana is the largest producer of Basmati rice in India.

(d) Haryana is the largest exporter of software in the country.

31 Consider the following statements

I. DMIC (Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor) covers more than 66% area of the state.

II. Almost 13 districts come under the influence of DMIC.

III It passes through 4 states including Haryana.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) I and III (b) I and II (c) II and II (d) All of these

32 Which of the following statements is/are correct about HSIDC?

I. It is responsible for providing financial services to industries in the state.

II. It is responsible for industrial infrastructure development in the state.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) Only I (b) Only 11 (c) Both I and II (d) Neither I nor II

33 Match the following

List I (Institute) ———————-List II (Location)

A. National Institute of Food and Technology ——1. Rohtak

B. Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs ——–2. Murthal

C. State Institute of Film and Television—–3. IMT, Manesar

D. Central Institute of Plastic Engineering, and Technology ————-4. Kundli

Codes

A B C D

(a) 2 4 1 3

(b) 4 1 3 2

(c) 1 2 4 3

(d) 4 3 1 2

34 Match the following

(Industrial Estate) ——-(District)

A. Kundli——-1. Fatehabad

B. Samalkha —2 Sonipat

C. Tohana——-3. Gurugram

D. Roz-ka-Meo– 4. Panipat

Codes :

A B C D

(a) 2 4 1 3 (b) 1 2 3 4 (c) 4 1 2 3 (d) 3 2 1 4

35 Match the following

List I (Industry) List II (District)

A. Cement ———1. Ambala

B. Sugar————2. Gurugram

C. Automobiles —-3. Sonipat

D. Scientific Instruments ———4. Surajpur

Codes

A B C D

(a) 1 3 2 4 (b) 2 1 4 3 (c) 3 4 2 1 (d) 4 3 2 1

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

विगत वर्षों में पुछे गए वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न

36. फरीदाबाद में कौन-सी फैक्ट्री अवस्थित है?

(a) रबड़ टायर (b) ट्रेक्टर (c) रेफ्रीजरेटर (d) उपरोक्त सभी

37. हरियाणा में लोहे के पाइप का सवार्धिक निर्माण कहाँ होता (शिफ्ट अटेंडेट 2016)

(a) सोनीपत (b) गुरुग्राम (c) फरीदाबाद (d) हिसार

38. खनिज संसाधनों में हरियाणा के किस जिले की प्रमुखता (HSSC क्लर्क 2016)

(a) गुरुग्राम (b) भिवानी (c) फतेहाबाद (d) महेन्द्रगढ़

39. रेवाड़ी जिले के किस स्थान पर बहुतायत में स्लेट पाए जात (आंगनवाड़ी 2017)

(a) खेल (b) बाबल (c) कुशल (d) कुण्ड

40. सोना हरियाणा के किस जिले में पाया जाता है?

(a) पंचकूला (b) अम्बाला (c) रोहतक (d) महेन्द्रगढ़

41. हरियाणा के किस जिले में एटलस साईकिल उद्योग स्थित (पीजीटी 2016)

(a) हिसार (b) सिरसा (c) फरीदाबाद (d) सोनीपत

42. हरियाणा के खनिज भंडार के रूप में किसे जाना जाता है? (पीजीटी 2016)

(a) रोहतक (b) महेन्द्रगढ़ (c) करनाल (d) चरखी ददरी

43. मारूती सुजुकी का पहला कारखाना भारत में कहाँ लगाया गया था? (HSSB सिविल 2015)

(a) गुरुग्राम (b) रेवाड़ी (c) अहमदाबाद (d) अम्बाला

44. निम्न में से कौन-सा बोर्ड हरियाणा के खादी उद्योगों के विकास में सहायता करता है? (पीजीटी 2016)

(a) हरियाणा खादी एवं ग्रामीण उद्योग बोर्ड

(b) हरियाणा खादी बोर्ड

(c) हरियाणा ग्रामीण विकास बोर्ड

(d) हरियाणा औद्योगिक बोर्ड

45. पंचकुला प्रसिद्ध है? (जीजीटी 2016)

(a) घड़ियों के लिए (b) इलेक्ट्रानिक के लिए (c) नदियों के लिए (d) धूप चश्मों के लिए

46. हरियाणा का रेवाड़ी जिला भारत में निम्न में से किस उद्योग के लिए प्रसिद्ध है?

(a) पीतल बर्तनों के लिए (b) हीरो होण्डा मोटर साईकिल उद्योग (c) तिल्ला जूता उद्योग (d) उपरोक्त सभी

47. हिन्दुस्तान मशीन टूल्स किस नगर में स्थित है? (HSSC पीजीटी 2016)

(a) अम्बाला (b) फरीदाबाद (c) गुरुग्राम (d) पिंजोर

48. जेम्स-ज्वेलरी पार्क हरियाणा में कहाँ अवस्थित है?

(a) करनाल (b) कैथल (c) गुरुग्राम (d) बहादुरगढ़

49. हरियाणा में नई औद्योगिक नीति कब घोषित हुई? (HSSC 2016)

(a) 1 जनवरी 2012 (b) 1 जनवरी 2011 (c) 1 जनवरी 2010 (d) 1 जनवरी 2013

50. हरियाणा राज्य का कौन-सा जिला मारबल के लिए प्रसिद्ध है?

(a) गुरुग्राम (b) कैथल (c) अम्बाला (d) महेन्द्रगढ़

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

51. हरियाणा किसके उत्पादन में प्रथम स्थान पर है? (HSSC 2015)

(a) ट्रेक्टर (b) स्कूटर (c) कार (d) साईकिल

52. लेदर गारमेंटस पार्क हरियाणा में किस कहाँ स्थिती

(a) बहादुरगढ़ (b) राइ (c) नरवाना (d) मानेसर

53. हरियाणा में लिबर्टी जूते कहाँ बनते है? (HSSET

(a) करनाल (b) अम्बाला (c) धारूकेड़ा (d) पानीपत

54. निम्न में से किसे गोल्डन सिटी के नाम से जाना जाता है।

(a) हिसार (b) पानीपत (c) सोनीपत (d) भिवानी

55. हरियाणा के किस जिले में सरस्वती शुगर मिल स्थित है? (पीजीटी 2018)

(a) रोहतक (b) यमुनानगर (c) फरीदाबाद (d) पानीपत

56. बिल्ट पेपर मिल एशिया की सबसे बड़ी पेपर मिल है यह हरियाणा में कहाँ है? (HSSC 2015)

(a) करनाल (b) अम्बाला (c) सोनीपत (d) यमुनानगर

57. हरियाणा में सेनेटरी उद्योग विकसित हुआ है?

(a) बहादुरगढ़ . (b) कुंडली (टीजीटी 2015) (c) समानता (d) होडल

The End

Haryana GK Soil, Minerals and Industry of Haryana

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