Haryana GK

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Haryana Static GK

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Haryana Administrative Services

Chapter-12 Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Forest and Wildlife of Haryana (ISFR -2019 Statistics)

  • In the latest ‘India State of the forest (ISF) 2019 report Haryana’s total forest cover has increased by 14.44 sq km, as compared to the previous assessment reported in 2017.
  • The increase is around 1% and main reasons for the rise in forest cover have been reported to be plantation and conservation activities.
  • As per the report, the forest cover in the state is 1,602.44 sq km, which is 3.62% of the state’s geographical area.
  • The forest cover of the state was recorded at 1,588 sq km in 2017, and 1,580 sq km in the 2015 report.
  • “In terms of forest canopy density classes, the state has 28 sq km under very dense forest (VDF), 450.90 sq km under moderately dense forest (MDF), and 1,123.54 sq km of open forest (OF).
  • Forest cover in the state has increased by 14.44 sq km as compared to the previous assessment reported in ISFR 2017,”
  • As per the report, some of the districts, including Ambala, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Palwal, Panchkula, Panipat, Sirsa and Yamunanagar, have witnessed a slight decline in the forest cover in the past two year.
  • However, Mahendergarh, Rewari, Rohtak, Jhajjar, Hisar, Kurukshetra, Mewat, Bhiwani and Sonipat has witnessed increase in the cover as compared to 2017.
  • Mahendergarh has witnessed the maximum increase in forest cover during this period.
  • The tree cover has been found to be 1,565 sq km. (3.54%)
  • Total Forest = Forest Cover + Tree Cover = 3.62% +3.54% = 7.16%
  • Haryana has registered an increase by 150 sq km in the total tree cover as compared to the previous assessment reported in 2017.
  • As per the report, 2.3% of the total forest cover of Haryana has been observed as very highly fire prone, 5.87% as highly fire prone, and 18.08% and 73.72% was found to be moderately fire or less fire prone areas.
  • Bamboo-bearing area in Haryana has been recorded as 72 sq km, which is 0.04% of the country’s growing stock of bamboo.
  • Eucalyptus species has been found to be among the top five tree species in rural as well as urban Haryana.
  • Gurugram Haryana, again, continues to have the lowest forest cover in India, as per the Forest Survey of India’s (FSI) latest report on the state of forests.
  • The ISFR 2019 notes an increase in this figure, to 3.62%. Areawise, the state’s forest cover rose by 14.44 square kilometres, which experts said is a ‘minuscule’ and ‘negligible’ increment.
  • Haryana’s tree cover, by comparison, increased by 150 square kilometres, coming to a total of 1,565 square kilometres (sqkm).
  • Haryana’s forest policy (framed in 2006), “has fixed the goal of achieving 20% Forest and Tree Cover in the state in a phased manner.”
  • Of the 44, 212 square kilometres, state area, just 1,602.44 square kilometres are forest cover (as opposed to 1,588 sqkm in 2017).
  • Of these, 28 sqkm come under ‘very dense forest’, 451 sqkm come under ‘moderately dense forest’, while 1,124 sqkm come under ‘open forest’ category.
  • The FSI has also identified 45 species of trees, 43 species of shrubs and 50 species of herbs in Haryana during its assessment
  • The ISFR 2019 also notes that “during the period from January 1, 2015, to February 5, 2019, a total of 1,529 hectares of forest land in Haryana was diverted for non-forestry purposes under the Forest Conservation Act, 1980.”
  • Of the state’s 21 districts, Gurugram lost 0.82 square kilometres of forest cover between 2015 and 2017, more than any other district.
  • This was followed by Ambala, which lost 0.65 square kilometres of forest cover during the same time.
  • Neighbouring Faridabad, meanwhile, lost 0.06 square kilometres of forest cover.
  • Panchkula, at 43.51%, has the highest forest cover in Haryana (owing to the presence of the Shiwalik Hills), followed by Yamunanagar (10.94%), Faridabad (10.79%) and Gurugram (9.24%).
  • While these districts, along with five others, all recorded loss of forest cover in the ISFR 2019, other districts recorded an increase.
  • Even though the forest cover of Haryana has increased by a meagre 0.9% over the last two years, the primarily agricultural state continues to have the lowest forest cover in the country, the FSI report of 2019 reveals.
  • Of all the districts, Gurugram has witnessed the highest decline in forest cover since 2017 and the sharpest fall in a decade.
  • Haryana has only 3.62% (1,602 sqkm) of its geographical area as forest land, an increase of a little over 14 sq km from 2017 when the state had 3.59% (1,588 sqkm) of forest cover.
  • The state is right behind Punjab and Rajasthan which have 3.67% and 4.86% of forest cover respectively.
  • Neighbouring Delhi, with much less total geographic area, has a greater forest cover of 13%. While there is no change in the ‘very dense forest’ (28 sqkm) and ‘scrub’ (154 sqkm) cover, area under ‘open forest’ increased by 15 sqkm while ‘moderately dense forest’ has 1 sqkm respectively between 2017 and 2019.
  • Of the districts, only three districts (out of 22)Panchkula, Yamunanagar and Faridabad — have more than 10% of their geographical area under forest cover, while ten districts have forest land covering less than 2% geographical area.
  • These 10 districts are Jind, Sonipat, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Palwal, Karnal, Jhajjar and Hisar, and Fatehabad.
  • The low forested area can be attributed to the fact that these districts have recently witnessed massive industrialisation and real estate development.
  • Over the last two year, forest cover has shrunk in 8 districts, with Gurugram recording the highest decline of about 0.82 sqkm.
  • Panchkula has the highest forest cover at 43.51%, due to the Shivaliks. It is followed by Yamunanagar and Faridabad with forest cover of 10.94% and 10.79% respectively.
  • Over the last 10 years, open forests and scrub have increased in the state, while moderately dense forest has decreased and very dense forest has remained the same.

FOREST AND WILDLIFE OF HARYANA

  • The state of Haryana with a geographical area of 44, 212 sq km, is primarily an agricultural state with almost 80% of its land under cultivation. But the state is not bestowed with natural forests and only 3.62% of its geographical area is under notified forests.
  • Forestry activities in the state are dispersed mainly over rugged Shivalik hills in the North, and Aravalli hills in the South.

Recorded Forest Area

  • According to India State of Forest Report 2019, the Recorded Forest Area of Haryana is 1602.44 sq km, which constitutes 3.62% of the geographical area of the state.
  • In Haryana, the forests are classified into the following:

Reserved Forests

  • The forests where any type of human activities such as cutting of wood, grazing, collection of forest products, etc are not allowed, are classed as reserved forests.
  • According to State of Forest Report, 2019, they constitute 15.97% of total geographic area in Haryana. These forests help in land reclaimation, control of floods and prevailing favourable climatic conditions in the state.
  • They provide timber as well as forest products.

Protected Forests

  • The forests that are conserved at the same time and certain human activities are allowed in them, are classed as protected forests.
  • According to State of Forest Report, 2019, Haryana has 74.28% of this type of forest.
  • There is restricted entry to the forest for grazing, cutting firewood and collection of forest products.

Unclassed Forests

  • The forests that have no restriction on human entry and use of forest resources, are classified as unclassed forests. According to State of Forest Report, 2019, Haryana has 9.75% of unclassed forests.
  • The State Government takes nominal charges for the use of these forests.

Forest Cover

  • As per the India State of Forest Report, 2019 the forest cover in Haryana is 1602 sq km which is about 14.44 sq km more as compared to 2017.
  • According to India State Forest Report, 2017, there are about 27 sq km of very dense forest, 213 sq km of dense forest and 202 sq km of open forest.
  • Panchkula (391 sq km) has the largest area under forest cover and Palwal (14 sq km) has the lowest area under forest cover.

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana


Classification of Forests in Haryana

  • On the basis of Geographical features, the forests of Haryana are divided into two types which are as follows:

Tropical Dry Deciduous

  • This type of forests are found in Yamunanagar, Rewari, Mahendragarh, Karnal, Hisar, Kaithal and Sonipat where the rainfall is 70-100 cm.
  • The majority of forest in the state belong to tropical dry deciduous category.
  • Sheesham, peepal, neem, kusum, semul, amla, amaltas, and mahua are major trees found here.

Sub-Tropical Pine Forest

  • These forests are found in Panchkula, Ambala and Yamunanagar districts where the rainfall is more than 100 cm.
  • Kachnar, Khair, Amaltas, Biyul are major trees found here

Forest Policy, 2006

  • To promote sustainable development of forest resources in the state, Haryana Government has framed its own Forest Policy in 2006.
  • This policy aimed at increasing the forest and tree cover in the state from 6 per cent to 20 per cent in a phased manner.

The basic objectives are:

  • Afforestation for maintenance of environmental stability and restoration of the ecological balance.
  • Conserving biodiversity in natural forests of the stat
  • Conservation and development of water resources in forests.
  • Increasing the productivity of forests to meet the essential needs of people on sustainable basis.
  • Setting up of herbal parks for the conservation of indigenous medicinal plants and trees.

Forest Conservation and Management

  • The State Government of Haryana is undertaking various measures for the conservation of its forest resource.
  • It has various departments to manage it.
  • These are discussed as follows:

Joint Forest Management Programme (JFM)

  • This programme is an endeavour to fulfil the forestry related needs and aspirations of the local people from the adjoining forests with their active participation in protection and maintenance of these forests. Joint Forest Management in Haryana was started in the year 1972, but government notification in this regard was issued in 1990 after Government of India resolution, dated 1st June, 1990.
  • Main objectives of Joint Forest Management are as follows:
  • Forest and vegetal cover should be rapidly increased on hill slopes of Shivaliks and Aravallis, in catchments of rivers, rivulets and water reservoirs, on semi-arid and arid tracts and on all available wastelands.
  • Medicinal plants and other Non-Wood Forest Product (NWFP) should be goil protected, improved and their production enhanced.

Haryana Forest Development Corporation (HFDC)

  • It is a company established in December, 1989 under the Companies Act, 1956 mainly for the promotion and on development of tree plantation on non-forest lands by providing suitable price to 1192 tree growers for their wood produce.
  • HFDC is also engaged in felling, conversion and sale of trees from earmarked areas of forest lands since 1995-1996.

Forest Conservation Schemes

  • The State Government of Haryana has undertaken various schemes for the conservation and protection of forest.
  • These are as follows:

Haryana Community Forestry Project (HCFP)

  • It was co-funded by the Government of Haryana and the European Commission and was implemented in 11 districts of Haryana.
  • This project was started in 1998-99.
  • The objective was to conserve and rejuvenate natural resources, through Forestry Development, with the active participation of communities, especially women.
  • This project was ended in 2006-07.

Non-biodegradable Garbage Control Act

  • This act was initialised in 1998.
  • Under this act, the State Government of Haryana has restricted the use of polythenes in the eco-zones declared in the state.

Aravalli Rehabilitation Project

  • This project was initiated in 1990-91 in collaboration with Haryana Government and European Commission.
  • It relates to plantation rocky areas of Aravalli hills that lie in Southern Haryana.
  • It is also called Aravalli Plantation Scheme.
  • At present, this project is running in the districts of Faridabad, Palwal, Rewari, Mahendergarh, Mewat and Gurugram.

Kandi Development Project

  • It was started in Haryana in 2003.
  • This project is undertaken by Haryana to check soil erosion and restore the degraded land in the Northern districts of the state i.e. Ambala and Yamunanagar.
  • It is funded by World Bank and also runs in Southern Himachal Pradesh and North-Eastern Punjab.
  • It covers the region lying close to Shiwalik foothills.

Greening of Haryana

  • Under this scheme, tree plantation is done aggresively in various districts of the state.
  • Planting trees specially in the districts of sisar, Rewari, Gurugram, Sirsa and Mahendragarh helps in controlling the spread of loose soil.
  • At the same time, herbal and medicinal plants like kurund, cholai, bathua, ashvagandha, gokhru, sadabahaar, etc are also being planted.
  • The state Medicinal Plant Board was set up in 2002.
  • Haryana also has different type of wild grasses like tufted grass, spikelets, biflora and tausch grass.
  • The state observes Tree Day on 15th July every year after 2014.

Two Environment Courts

  • The state has set up two courts in the districts of Faridabad and Hisar specially for solving the cases related to environmental issues.
  • Eco-Clubs Haryana has set up eco-clubs and eco-parks for the promotion and popularisation of clean environment.
  • This is done under National Green Core Scheme.

Har Ghar Haryali Yojana

  • This scheme was initiated in 2015.
  • Under this scheme, the State Government promotes planting and conserving the natural vegetation and indigenous trees that grow in the region.
  • It promotes the planting of local varieties of trees like mango, lime, pomegranate, jamun, mulberry, berry, oak, etc.
  • Paudhagiri Campaign Haryana Government launched Paudhagiri Scheme in 2018 to increase green cover in the state.
  • Under this campaign, students studying in class 6th to 12th of all government and private schools plants a sapling during three months of monsoon. State forest department provides sapling to every student.

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Wildlife in Haryana

  • Haryana state has rich bio-diversity which makes it suitable for different varieties of birds and animals to exist in the natural forests of haryana.
  • The state has around 500 species of birds and also welcomes large number of migratory birds during the winter season.
  • For the conservation of wildlife, the state has about 33,000 hectares under protected area network which includes 2 national parks, 8 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 conservation reserves.

National Parks in Haryana

  • National parks are forests which are reserved for the protection of vegetation and wildlife.
  • There are 2 national parks in Haryana which are as follows:

Sultanpur National Park

  • It is located in Sultanpur, Gurugram district of Haryana
  • This park is a bird paradise, particularly in the winter months both for local as well as migratory birds.
  • Its sanctuary potential was first recognised by the world famous ornithologist, Mr Peter Jackson, keeping in view its importance and potential.
  • It was declared a Bird Sanctuary in 1971 and was upgraded to the status of National Park in 1991 by Haryana Government.
  • It covers an area of 1.43 sq km.
  • Common species of birds include hoopoe, Indian cormorant, francolin, spoon bill, crested lark, spotted owlet. Migratory bird species include Siberian crane, wood sandpiper, eurasion wiglon, black tailed godwit, spotted redshauk, etc

Kalesar National Park

  • It is located in the foothills of Shivalik ranges.
  • It falls under Yamunanagar district of Haryana sharing boundary with three states viz., Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is named after the Kalesar (Shiva) temple located in this protected area.
  • This park was declared as National Park on 8th December, 2003. It covers an area of 46.82 sq km.
  • The whole area is full of biodiversity having dense sal forest, khair forest and patches of grasslands, which supports an amazing variety of plants and animal species.

Elephant Rehabilitation Centre and Deer Park

  • Yamunanagar district of Haryana, Elephant Rehabilitation Centre is located.
  • It was was established in 2008.
  • It covers an area of 0.02 sq km.
  • Deer Park is located in Hisar district.
  • It was established in 1970. It covers an area of 0.16 sq km.

Wildlife Sanctuary in Haryana

  • Haryana though deficient in natural forest has variety of wildlife species.
  • It is a unique place for wild fauna because of its location and climate, edaphic and topographic variation. State boundaries touch three bio-geographic zones namely Himalaya in North, Gangetic plain in East and Thar Desert in South and West.
  • Due to these eco-zones, rich wildlife particularly avifauna is found in Haryana.
  • There are 8 wildlife sanctuaries in Haryana which are as follows:

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1986 in the district of Jhajjar, covering an area of 4.11 sq km.
  • It was declared a bird sanctuary by Indian Government on 3rd June, 2009.
  • It attracts around 35,000 variety of migratory birds belonging to over 250 species during winter.
  • Neelgai, jackal, langur, peafowl, hornbill, coppersmith barbet are found here

Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1986 in the district of Kurukshetra.
  • In the year 2009, the Environment Ministry has declared the sanctuary as Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) for conservation of flora and fauna.
  • It covers an area of 29 sq km.
  • The sanctuary attracts wide variety of winter migratory birds.
  • Blue peafowl, hornbill, barbet, rufous treepie, greater coucal are found here.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1987 in the district of Rewari.
  • It covers over an area of 2.11 sq km.
  • It was declared as Eco-Sensitive Zone in 2009 by Indian Government.
  • The sanctuary supports a good population of black bucks, jackals, monitor lizards and such other small animals. Neelgai, jackal, langur, blue peafowl are also found here.

Bir Shikargarh Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1987, in the district of Panchkula.
  • It covers an area of 7.67 sq km.
  • In 2009, Government of India declared it an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ), as a result development will not be permitted within a 5 km radius.
  • Cheetal, sambar, neelgai are found here.

Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1987 in the district of Sirsa.
  • It covers an area of 115.30 sq km.
  • The main attraction of the wildlife sanctuary are blue bull, partridges and black buck.

Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 1991 in the district of Jhajjar.
  • It covers an area of 0.82 sq km.
  • It was also declared as Eco-Sensitive Zone by the Indian Government.
  • Water birds are main attraction of this sanctuary.

Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 2003 in the district of Yamunanagar.
  • It covers an area of 115.70 sq km.
  • In terms of area, it is the largest Wildlife Sanctuary of Haryana.
  • It was also declared as Eco-Sensitive Zone by the Indian Government.
  • Cheetal, sambhar, neelgai, etc are found here.

Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was established in the year 2004 in Panchkula district.
  • It covers an area of 22.26 sq. km.
  • The sanctuary includes the forest cover area of Shivalik hills bound in Panchkula district.
  • Cheetal, spotted deer, monkey, fox, jackal, etc are main animals found here.

Eco-Sensitive Zone

  • The Zones are areas notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India around Protected Areas, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
  • The Environment Ministry in Haryana has declared wildlife tourists hotspots including Kalesar, Nahar, Chhilchhila, Bhindawas and Khaparwas as Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ).
  • They have been identified under ESZ for conservation of flora and fauna in view of increasing human activities and urbanisation in the region.
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Conservation Reserves in Haryana

Saraswati Conservation Reserve

  • It was established in the year 1988. It is also known as Seonsar Forest and is situated in Kaithal district of Haryana.
  • It covers an area of 44.52 sq km.

Bir Bara Ban Conservation Reserve

  • It is located in Jind district.
  • It covers an area of 4.2 sq km. Neelgai, jackal, langur and birds like refour treepie, coucal, hornbill and coppersmith barbet are found here.
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

वन संरक्षण संबंधी राज्य की योजनाएँ

  • वन संरक्षण सम्बन्धी योजनाएँ निम्नलिखित है-

कण्डी योजना

  • उद्देश्य-पुन: वृक्षारोपण (अम्बाला, यमुनानगर जिलों में)
  • विश्व बैंक द्वारा संपोषित योजना है।
  • इसमें कृषि, पशुपालन, बागवानी आदि को भी सम्मिलित किया गया है।

हर घर हरियाली योजना

  • शुरुआत-वर्ष-2015 में
  • उद्देश्य-स्थानीय प्रजातियों का विकास। इसके तहत पीपल, बेरी, अनार, देसी आम, जामुन, हरड़, बहेड़ा आदि वृक्ष शामिल है।

वृक्षारोपण

  • राज्य में सड़कों, रेलमार्गों, नहरों, नदियों आदि के किनारे ‘हरा-भरा हरियाणा’ कार्यक्रम के अंतर्गत वृक्षारोपण किए जा रहे हैं।
  • राज्य में प्रत्येक वर्ष 15 जुलाई को तरु दिवस मनाया जाता है।

वन्य जीव संरक्षण

  • प्राकृतिक आवासों के संरक्षण के तहत राष्ट्रीय उद्यान, अभ्यारण्य, जैव मण्डल आरक्षित क्षेत्र, पक्षी विहार, रामसर क्षेत्र (आर्द्र भूमि) आदि सम्मिलित किए गए हैं।
  • हरियाणा में 2 राष्ट्रीय उद्यान, 8 अभ्यारण्य एवं 2 संरक्षण (जैव मण्डल) रिजर्व क्षेत्र है।
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

हॉट प्वॉइन्ट

  1. ग्रीनिंग ऑफ हरियाणा कार्यक्रम का संबंध है – वृक्षरोपण से
  2. गिद्धों पर अध्ययन करने वाला हरियाणा देश का कौन-सा राज्य है- -प्रथम
  3. गिद्ध प्रजनन केन्द्र हरियाणा में स्थित है -पिंजौर
  4. हरियाणा में हाथी पुर्नस्थापना एवं अनुसंधान केन्द्र है – बसंतसौर जंगल (यमुनानगर)
  5. हरियाणा का सबसे बड़ा अभ्यारण्य है। -कालेसर वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य
  6. हरियाणा में कुल वनाच्छादन एवं वृक्षावरण है —- 1602 +1565 वर्ग किमी
  7. राज्य में कुल अवर्गीकृत वन क्षेत्र —-9.75%
  8. प्रत्येक वर्ष हरियाणा 15 जुलाई को कौन-सा दिवस मनाते — तस दिवस
  9. राज्य में किस जिले में सर्वाधिक पहाड़ियाँ पाई जाती हैं। – महेन्द्र गढ़ (34 km’)
  10. राज्य में सर्वाधिक वन क्षेत्र है। – पंचकुला (391 km)

 

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana
Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

1 Which among the following districts of Haryana has the highest percentage of area under forest cover?

(a) Yamunanagar (b) Panchkula (c) Gurgaon (d) Faridabad

2 Which among the following districts of Haryana has the lowest percentage of area under forest cover?

(a) Jind /Fatehabad (b) Sonipat (c) Sirsa (d) Hisar

3 Tropical dry deciduous forest can be seen in which district of Haryana?

(a) Mahendragarh (b) Hisar (c) Kaithal (d) All of the above

4 The forest policy of Haryana was unveiled in the year

(a) 2002 (b) 2004 (c) 2006 (d) 2008

5 In which year, Joint Forest Management Programme was started? (HSSC 2016]

(a) 1972 (b) 1970 (c) 1971 (d) 1973

6 Which of the following statements about Joint Forest Management is correct?

(a) Exsisting forests and forest land should be fully protected.

(b) Soil and water conservation measures should be undertaken.

(c) Medicinal plants and other non-wood forest products should be protected.

(d) All of the above

7 During which year, Haryana Forest Development Corporation (HFDC) was established?

(a) 1956 (b) 1980 (c) 1989 (d) 2001 had done

8 With the help of which of the following international organisations, Haryana Community Forestry Project was started?

(a) SAARC (b) UNPCC (c) European Commission (d) World Bank

9 Kandi Development project was launched by Haryana Government in which year? [HSSC 2016]

(a) 2001 (b) 2003 (d) 2007

10 In which of the following year the State Medical Plants Boards was established?

(a) 2001 (b) 2002 (c) 2003(d) 2005

11 In Haryana, ‘Tree Day’ is observed on

(a) 15th July (b) 15th May (c) 15th June (d) 15th April

12 Which scheme of Haryana Government promotes the plantation of local varieties of trees?

(a) Har Shahar Haryali Yojana

(b) Har Pahar Haryali Yojana

(c) Har Ghar Haryali Yojana

(d) Har Nagar Haryali Yojana

13 Which program was launched by Haryana Government to increase green cover in the state

(a) Parivartan Scheme

(b) Paudhagiri Campaign

(c) Bhoomi Niyojan Yojana

(d) Vraksha Suraksha Campaign

14 Sultanpur National Park is situated in the district of

(a) Yamunanagar (b) Gurugram (c) Rewari (d) Sirsa

15 Sultanpur National Park was established in the year

(a) 2003 (b) 2001 (c) 1999 (d) 1991

16 Kalesar National Park is situated in the district of

(a) Yamunanagar (b) Gurugram (c) Bhiwani (d) Panchkula

17 During which year Kalesar was declared as National Park?

(a) 2000 (b) 2001 (c) 2002 (d) 2003

18 Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary is associated with which of the following districts of Haryana?

(Mandi Supervisor 2017)

(a) Jhajjar (b) Rewari (c) Gurugram (d) Faridabad

19 Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which district of Haryana? [HSSC 2015)

(a) Rewari (b) Kurukshetra (c) Panchkula 31 (d) Jhajjar

20 Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in which district of Haryana? (Anganwadi 2017]

(a) Rewari (b) Mahendragarl (c) Palwal (d) Nuh

21 Saraswati Conservation Reserve is situated in the district of [PGT 2016)

(a) Kaithal (b) Karnal (c) Kalka (d) Kurukshetra

22 Pipli Mini Zoo is situated in the district of

(a) Bhiwani (b) Sirsa (c) Faridabad (d) Kurukshetra

23 Crocodile Breeding Centre is situated in the district of

(a) Panchkula (b) Kurukshetra (c) Bhiwani (d) Hisar

24 Consider the following statements

I. Sultanpur National Park is the biggest National Park of Haryana.

II. Earlier, it was a bird sanctuary which accorded the status of National Park in 1991.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only I (b) Only 11 (c) Both I and II (d) None of these

25 Match the following

List I (Wildlife Sanctuary)

A. Bhindawas

B. Chhilchhila

C. Bir Shikargarh

D. Nahar

List II (District)

1. Rewari 2. Panchkula 3. Kurukshetra 4. Jhajjar

Codes

A B C D

(a) 3 1 4 2 (b) 2 4 1 3 (c) 2 1 4 3 (d) 4 3 2 1

26 Assertion (A) Dense forest are found at lower altitudes.

Reason (R) With the increase in altitude forest cover decreases.

Codes

(a) Both A and B are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are ture, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false, but R is true

27 Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?

List I————— List II

1. Sub-tropical thorny forest —Aravalli hills

II. Pine forestill ———- Morni hills

III. Sal forest——–Shiwalik hills

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) I and III (b) I and II (c) Only I (d) All of these

28 Consider the following statements

I. Objective of HFDC is to generate employment opportunities in rural areas.

II. Objective of SMPB is to promote medicinal plants sector in the state through various projects and schemes. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only I (b) Only 11 (c) Both I and II (d) Neither I nor II

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

विगत वर्षों में पूछे गए वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न

29. वन स्थिति रिपोर्ट-2019 के अनुसार हरियाणा में वन का क्षेत्र है?

(a) 1108 km2 (b) 452 km2 (c) 1602 km2 (d) 1550 km2

30. वन स्थिति रिपोर्ट-2019 के अनुसार सर्वाधिक वन क्षेत्र में वृद्धि प्रतिशत दर्ज की गई है?

(a) mahendragarh (b) फरीदाबाद (c) रेवाड़ी (d) पलवल

31. गिद्ध संरक्षण एवं प्रजनन केन्द्र हरियाणा में किस स्थान पर (HSSC, 2016)

(a) पिंजौर (b) पंचकूला (c) यमुनानगर (d) करनाल

32. हरियाणा के कलेसर जंगल में कौन-से पेड़ों की अधिकता (HSSC, 2015)

(a) नीम (b) बरगद (c) साल (d) टीकम

33. सरस्वती वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य किस जिले में अवस्थित है? (पटवारी, 2016)

(a) हिसार (b), कैथल (c) सिरसा (d) पलवल

34. नाहर वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य कौन-से जिले में है? (HSSC, 2015)

(a) रेवाड़ी (b) महेन्द्रगढ़ (c) पलवल (d) नूंह

35. छिलछिला वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य कौन-से जिले में है? (HSSC, 2015)

(a) कुरुक्षेत्र (b) पानीपत (c) हिसार (d) गुरूग्राम

36. हरियाणा में कुल कितने राष्ट्रीय उद्यान है?

(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

37. सुल्तानपुर पक्षी विहार की स्थापना कब हुई? …

(a) 1970 ई. (b) 1971 ई. (c) 1972 ई. (d) 1947 ई.

38. कलेसर वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य अवस्थित है?

(a) कुरुक्षेत्र (b) गुडगाँव (c) हिसार (d) यमुनानगर

39. हिरण उद्यान राज्य के किस जिले में है?

(a) हिसार (b) कैथल (c) सिरसा (d) पलवल

40. हरियाणा राज्य का कितना क्षेत्र वन से घिरा है?

(a) 2.5% (b) 3.62% (c) 4.5% (d) 5.5%

41. हरियाणा के निम्न जिलों में उष्ण कटिबंधीय शुष्क पतझड़ का विस्तार है?

(a) भिवानी (b) सोनीपत (c) गुरुग्राम (d) ये सभी

42. चीड़ एवं पाइन के वृक्ष हरियाणा के किस जिले में पाए जाते हैं?

(a) पंचकुला (b) यमुनानगर (c) ‘a’ एवं ‘b’ दोनों (d) कैथल

43. ग्रिनिंग ऑफ हरियाणा कार्यक्रम संबंधित है?

(a) वृक्षारोपण (b) सिंचाई (c) घास रोपण (d) पार्क निर्माण

44. राज्य वन रिपोर्ट-2019 के अनुसार किस जिले में सबसे कम वन क्षेत्र पाया जाता है?

(a) अम्बाला (b) झज्जर (c) जींद (d) पलवल

45. राज्य में मगरमच्छ प्रजनन केन्द्र स्थित है?

(a) हिसार (b) पिंजौर (c) कुरुक्षेत्र (d) पंचकूला

46. पिपली चिड़ियाघर राज्य में कहाँ स्थित है?

(a) भिवानी (b) रोहतक (c) सोनीपत (d) कुरुक्षेत्र

47. भिण्डवासा वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य किस जिले में स्थित है? (मण्डी सुपरवाइजर, 2017)

(a) झज्जर (b) रेवाड़ी (c) गुरुग्राम (d) फरीदाबाद

48. वन स्थिति रिपोर्ट-2019 के अनुसार सर्वाधिक प्रतिशत वन क्षेत्रफल किस जिले (हरियाणा के) में है?

(a) पंचकुला (b) फरीदाबाद (c) यमुनानगर (d) गुरुग्राम

49. खोल ही रेतान वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य राज्य के किस जिले में स्थित है?

(a) पंचकुला (b) रोहतक (c) हिसार (d) भिवानी

50. खपडवास वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य राज्य के किस जिले में स्थित है?

(a) सिरसा (b) झज्जर (c) रेवाड़ी (d) कुरुक्षेत्र

Haryana GK Forest and Wildlife of Haryana

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